Collections OnlineGregorian Egyptian Museum

Room I. Hieroglyphic inscriptions on stelae and statues (2600 BC-600 AD)

Room II. Funerary customs in ancient Egypt (2600 BC-200 AD)

Room III. Reconstruction of the Serapeum of Villa Adriana (approx. 131 AD)

Room IV. Egypt and Rome (1st-2nd century AD)

Room V. Masterpieces of pharaonic statuary (2000 BC-100 AD)

Room VI. Votive bronzes of the 1st millennium BC

Room VII. Bronze and clay figurines from Hellenistic and Roman Egypt

Room VIII. Cuneiform tablets and seals from Mesopotamia; vases and bronzes from Syria-Palestine (3rd-1st mill. BC) Reliefs from Palmira (1st-3rd cent. AD)

Room IX. Reliefs and inscriptions from Assyrian palaces (883-612 BC)

Pope Gregory XVI had the Gregorian Egyptian Museum founded in 1839. It houses monuments and artefacts of ancient Egypt partly coming from Rome and from Villa Adriana (Tivoli), where they had been transferred mostly in the Imperial age, and partly from private collections, that is purchased by nineteenth century collectors. The Popes’ interest in Egypt was connected with the fundamental role attributed to this country by the Sacred Scripture in the History of Salvation. The Museum occupies nine rooms divided by a large hemicycle that opens towards the terrace of the "Niche of the Fir Cone", in which there are numerous sculptures. The last two rooms house finds from ancient Mesopotamia and from Syria-Palestine.